( 1828 - 1887 )
Joaquim Pereira Marinho was a seafarer, slave trader and Portuguese trader living in Brazil in the 19th century. In 1828, Joaquim Pereira was registered in Bahia as a seafarer. After two years, two ships were registered in his name that made the commercial connection between the coast of West Africa and Brazil. Marinho’s ships were responsible for the slave trade in the Atlantic Ocean. The Transatlantic Slave Traffic Database records 33 voyages between Brazil and Africa of the ships owned by him between 1839 and 1850.
According to estimates, the slave trader transported around 11,000 enslaved people and at least 10% of them died during the journey. After the Eusébio de Queiróz law (1850), which prohibited the slave trade in Brazil, the Portuguese trafficker founded the African Union Company in 1858 and started to work in slave trade to Cuba, where human trafficking was still legal.
In the following decades Joaquim Marinho made donations to victims of drought in the Northeast, for charity works and became patron of Hospital Santa Casa de Misericórdia in Salvador. Being recognized by the society in force at the time as a benefactor.