( 1788 - 1847 )
Bento Gonçalves was a military man, farmer, slave owner, provincial deputy and revolutionary leader of the Farroupilha Revolution. Bento Gonçalves was born into a wealthy family that owns cattle ranches in Rio Grande do Sul. As a young man he joined the Companhia de Ordenanças and served as a military man in some conflicts in the southern Brazilian border region. His performance took him to the post of Colonel and also commander of the National Guard of Rio Grande do Sul.
When Bento Gonçalves died, the inventory of his assets indicated the possession of 53 enslaved people. The Constitution of the Rio Grande do Sul Republic of 1843, elaborated by the farroupilha revolutionaries, did not mention the abolition of slavery.
At the Battle of Porongos in 1844, Gonçalves and other revolutionary leaders purposely disarmed black spearmen to be decimated and imprisoned by imperial troops.